Skin Spots on the skin are not something to be concerned about and do not necessitate treatment; however, some people may decide to get rid of them for aesthetic reasons. Some types of dark spots on the skin are referred to as age spots or sunspots, depending on the cause.
Farmamy online pharmacy in Italy examines the causes of dark spots on the skin and the home remedies and dermatological treatments that can be used to remove them in this article.
Skin spots that are dark can be light brown or dark brown. The tone of a person’s skin may affect the color of dark spots. The spots are not painful and have the same texture as the skin.
Dark spots can also be any size and appear anywhere on the body, but they are most common in areas that are frequently exposed to the sun.
Dark spots are common in the following areas:
- Behind the hands
A spot that is a few shades darker than the skin typically disappears within six to twelve months in people with darker skin. The fade of darker coloration can take years. A spot may also be a much darker brown than a person’s natural skin color, though deep color changes typically appear blue or gray.
Dark spots can be caused by a number of things, as we’ll see in this section:
It exposure or tanning beds can cause dark spots on the skin, which are also known as sunspots, solar lentigines, or liver spots. Sun spots are most likely to appear in the face, hands, or arms, which are exposed to the most sunlight.
Changes in hormones:
Melisma is a skin condition that causes tiny areas of skin to become discolored. The condition is more normal in ladies, particularly during pregnancy. Hormones may cause melisma, according to the American Academy of Dermatology.
Effects of medicines:
Dark spots can result from an increase in skin pigmentation caused by some medications. On-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), tetracyclines, and psychotropic medications are the most common culprits.
After a bout of skin inflammation, dark spots may appear. Eczema, psoriasis, skin injury, and acne are just a few of the conditions that can cause inflammation.
Healing of wounds:
After an insect bite, burn, or cut heals, dark spots may remain. These might vanish over time.
Products for cosmetic skin or hair can irritate the skin and cause dark spots to form.
Diabetes can make certain areas of the skin darker. Acanthosis nigricans, which causes velvety, darkened skin, and shin spots, and diabetic dermopathy, which can be mistaken for age spots, are conditions that are linked to diabetes.
How to Get Rid of Spots:
Although they generally work faster, procedures are more expensive than creams and are more likely to result in side effects. The cause, the size of the dark spot, and the region of the body may all influence the best course of treatment.
For dark spots on the skin, a dermatologist may recommend one of the following treatments:
There are a variety of lasers to choose from. An intense pulse light laser is the most common type of laser used to treat skin dark spots. The light breaks up the dark spots by focusing on melanin.
A dermatologist uses a special tool with an abrasive surface to remove the skin’s outer layer during microdermabrasion. This treatment encourages the growth of new collagen, which may assist in reducing spots.
An exfoliating solution is applied to the skin during a chemical peel, resulting in new skin growth. It might make the skin’s dark spots disappear over time.
Cryotherapy is a treatment that involves freezing the dark spots with liquid nitrogen, which damages the skin cells. After surgery, the skin often heals lighter.
Cream prescribed for lightening the skin:
- Skin is bleached when prescription-lightening cream is applied. It typically reduces the appearance of dark spots gradually over several months.
- The active ingredient in the creams, hydroquinone, stops the skin from making melanin. The strength of prescription products typically ranges from 3 to 4 percent.
- Although injectable skin lightening products are available, the FDA-Trusted Source does not recommend them. They may pose health risks and there is not enough evidence to suggest that they work.
As the following sections discuss, in addition to dermatological procedures and prescription medications, some home remedies may be able to diminish dark spots on the skin.
Creams sold over-the-counter:
- Although they may not be as potent as prescription medications, over-the-counter skin lightening creams may still be effective.
- Some of the ingredients in creams and serums, like retinol or alpha hydroxyl acid, have the potential to accelerate the exfoliation process and encourage new skin growth.
- Always choose a skin-lightening cream from a dermatologist’s recommendation because some products can be harmful.
They looked at soy, licorice extracts, niacinamide (a form of vitamin B-3), mulberry, and other ingredients. The researchers stated that these natural treatments showed promise in lightening hyperpigmentation, despite the limited number of studies. A small 2017 study suggests that after 5 weeks of pregnancy, applying aloe Vera gel to the skin could help reduce melisma.
Cosmetics may conceal dark spots, but they do not lighten them. To lessen the appearance of spots, people might want to use a concealer that is based on cream.