Lavender is cultivated as a medicinal plant, due to which its plant is considered more beneficial. In addition to decoration, the flowers that grow on lavender plants are also used in food. Its flowers are used to create an aroma in many dishes and sweets. Its flowers are sweet, which is also used to increase the sweetness. Oil is also obtained from its plants, which are used in making perfumes, soaps and cosmetics besides food. Its plants are also used in the treatment of many types of diseases.
Lavender flowers are red, purple, blue and black, and the plant is two to three feet tall. The place of origin of its plants is called the continent of Asia. Its completely grown plant gives a yield of 10 years.
Soil, Climate & Temperature
Lavender can be easily cultivated in hilly, plain and sandy land. Growing lavender in slightly alkaline soil means more oil can be obtained from the plants. Land’s P.H. The value is between 7 and 8. The Lavender plant has a Mediterranean climate. Its plants grow well in cold climates. Its plants need open-air space and cannot grow appropriately at high temperatures. The average rainfall is suitable for its cultivation. They require a 12 to 15-degree temperature when seed germination. 20 to 22-degree temperature is necessary for plant development. For better process farmers choose John Deere 5310 as it comes with an economical price range.
Field Preparation & Fertiliser
The first deep ploughing of the domain is done, and remove the remains of the old crop in the field and clean it. After ploughing, leave the field open for some time, due to which the sunlight gets appropriately in the area’s soil. Then this, 15 to 20 carts of cow dung manure must be applied per hectare. After this, the dung manure is mixed well in the soil by ploughing the field properly.
Mixing the manure in the soil, the field is pulverised by water. After ploughing, when the ground of the area starts appearing dry from above, during that time, two to three slant ploughing of the field should be done by applying a rotavator. Due to this, the soil of the area becomes friable. There is no problem with water logging on flat land.
Therefore, a chemical amount must be given at each harvest to get a good yield from its plants for many years. Due to this, the plants grow well till the next harvest, and the product is also high.
Lavender plants are transplanted both in seed and seedlings. But by transplanting the seedlings, the yield starts getting in less time. The plants are prepared in the nursery in November and December. Apart from this, its plants can also be prepared by tissue culture. To prepare plants by cutting, the branches of one to two-year-old plants are cut and used.
Its seeds can be sown by both seed and cutting methods. But the farmer brothers prefer to plant lavender plants as seedlings. For this, weeds are prepared in the field. In intensive farming, its plants must be produced at a distance of 5 cm. In general, its plants can be planted at any time throughout the year, but to get more commercial production, its plants must be produced in April. Apart from this, transplanting is done in regions with high temperatures in the winter season.
Lavender plants require more irrigation. After this, water has to be given to maintain moisture in the field, but not to offer too much water, increasing the crop’s risk of disease. Moreover, for advanced irrigation implements are needed and for handling implements Mahindra Arjun 605 is perfect.
A natural method is used to control weeds in lavender crops.
Plant Diseases & Prevention
Lavender is mainly cultivated in India in Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh, and till now, no diseases have been seen in its plants. But on the plains, many insect diseases attack the plants. To prevent these insect diseases, organic insecticides or neem oil should be sprayed on the plants. Apart from this, do not allow water logging in the field to save the crop from diseases caused by waterlogging. If the occupation becomes waterlogged, spray an appropriate amount of Bordeaux mixture on the roots of the plants.
After three years, lavender plants are fully developed and ready to produce more in quantity. Cut its plants at some height from the ground with a sharp weapon, and the length of the cut branches should not be less than 12 cm. Farmer brothers can earn in many forms by cultivating lavender.
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